As puzzling as it may sound, the first record of the city of Jerusalem is actually not from the Bible. Even before Jerusalem is mentioned in the Bible, a more ancient testimony of the existence of the city was found – in the Execration Texts written over 3,800 years ago. There, the city of Shalem or Ur-Shalem is mentioned along with other cities in the vicinity, and researchers believe that this is ancient Jerusalem. The Execration Texts are curses written upon pottery during a magical ceremony in which it was customary to break the pottery after the inscribing was finished. Shattering the pottery symbolized the fate which awaited the cities that would dare to rebel against the Egyptian kingdom.
In 1962, dinosaur tracks were discovered at Moshav Beit Zayit on the outskirts of Jerusalem. Archaeologists have since uncovered 200 dinosaur prints in the area.