Nepenthes rajah can kill an animal as big as a rat. And you thought plants were harmless, right? Keep on reading for even more interesting facts.
Nepenthes rajah like other carnivorous plants derive some or most of their nutrients from trapping and consuming animals or protozoans, typically insects and other arthropods.
Carnivorous plants have adapted to grow in places where the soil is thin or poor in nutrients, especially nitrogen, such as acidic bogs and rock outcroppings.
First well-known treatise on carnivorous plants was written by Charles Darwin in 1875.
Insects and other prey are lured by the plant’s scent, but slip off the waxy surface into the pitcher-shaped center and are consumed by the plant’s digestive fluids.
Just like in our stomachs, the inside of a pitcher plant has a whole staff of micro-organisms that help it digest its food.